Test Profile Index | Pathlab | Health Screening | Blood Test

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Test Profile Index

Our health screening tests and packages cover a wide and comprehensive list of test profiles. Following is our Test Profile Index.

Electrolytes (Sodium, Potossium, Chloride)
Blood levels of the electrolytes depend on the balance between intake and production. Abnormal values are usually seen in patients with kidney disorders. Medication for hypertension and heart diseases can affect the electrolyte levels.
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
Blood is made up of cellular component and the liquid component called plasma. If blood is left to stand, the cellular component will sediment and the amount it settles in 1 hour is the ESR. Many factors can influence the ESR. In general, the higher the ESR, the higher the chances of a chronic disease. Investigations are then needed to find the disease.
Glucose (Blood)
Glucose levels above the normal range indicate the presence of diabetes mellitus. An additional test called the Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT) is needed to confirm the diagnosis and to access the severity.
Glucose (Urine)
Glucose in the urine is commonly seen in patients with diabetes mellitus and the benign condition called renal glycosuria.
Haemoglobin, Red Blood Cells (RBC) and Packed Cell Volume (PCV)
Haemoglobin, the red pigment in the red blood cells is essential for the transport of oxygen to the tissue. If the level is below the normal range, the person is anaemic, looks pale and tires easily. Severe anaemia can lead to heart failure. Anaemia can be due to a) decresed production of normal red blood cells b) lack of essential nutrients like iron c) hereditary disorders like thalassemia. Additional tests may be needed to confirm this.
HDL Cholesterol
This is the good cholesterol as it helps to remove cholesterol from the cells and transport it to the liver for excretion. High levels of HDL are associated with low risk of atherosclerosis and are seen in women before menopause, persons who exercise regularly and non-smokers.
Hepatitis B Surface Antibody (Anti-HBs)
A person who recovers completely from a hepatitis B infection or had a successful hepatitis B immunization will have Anti-HBs. The level of Anti-HBs will decrease with time. Those who acquire the Anti-HBS through immunization will require a booster dose if the level falls below 100 mIU/ml.
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBs Ag)
HBs Ag is a part of the capsule of the hepatitis B virus and if positive represents hepatitis B infection. If the liver enzymes are normal, the person is a carrier of hepatitis B. If the enzymes are high for more than a few months, that person is suffering from chronic hepatitis B. Both groups have a higher risk of liver cancer than the normal population.
Ketones are present in urine of persons after acute starvation or patients with severe diabetes mellitus.
LDL Cholesterol
This is the bad cholesterol as it helps in the deposition of cholesterol in the wall of blood vessels. High level of LDL cholesterol is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease.


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