Test Profile Index | Pathlab | Health Screening | Blood Test

You are here

Test Profile Index

Our health screening tests and packages cover a wide and comprehensive list of test profiles. Following is our Test Profile Index.


This protein is produced by the liver. Low levels can indicate liver disease and kidney disease due to reduced production and loss of albumin in the urine.

Alkaline Phosphatase

This enzyme is produced by bone and liver cells. High levels are seen in some bone disorders and liver disorders like obstructive jaundice, gall stones and space occupying lesions. Levels up to three times are seen in children within the age group when they are rapidly gaining height.

Alpha fetoprotein
High levels are seen in patients with cancer of the liver and teratomas affecting the ovary and testis. However, not all cancer of the liver will have high levels. High levels are also seen in normal pregnant women. Levels which are much higher than that expected for the period of pregnancy may suggest foetal abnormalities.
Bilirubin Total

High blood levels will lead to jaundice (yellowness of the eyes and skin) and is associated with liver disease, haemolytic anaemias and hereditary disorders.

Blood Grouping

ABO and Rhesus are the two commonly used method of typing the blood. Under the ABO system, the blood can be A, B, AB or O. The percentage of the different ABO groups in the population is approximately A(23%), B(23%), AB(5%) and O(49%). Rhesus grouping is reported as positive or negative. Rhesus grouping becomes important when a Rhesus Negative woman becomes pregnant with a Rhesus Positive baby. But with modern medical treatment, this is not a problem provided the diagnosis is made early. Blood grouping is important when a person requires a blood transfusion. There is no such thing as a bad blood group.

Calcium is necessary for strong bones and teeth, normal clotting of blood and muscle contraction. Low levels are due to poor dietary intake and a number of medical conditions.
Casts are formed in the kidney tubules from protein filtered from the blood. They are present in larger numbers in kidney disorders associated with protein in the urine. A few casts may be seen in urine of normal people especially after exercise.
Cholesterol (Total)
High blood cholesterol is due to excessive intake of cholesterol rich food and increased synthesis by the liver. High blood cholesterol leads to increased deposition in the blood vessel wall resulting in narrowing and subsequently blockage/atherosclerosis. Blood levels above 200mg/dl or 5.2 mmol/l is associated with increased risk of atherosclerosis and this risk rises with increasing levels.
Blood creatinine level depends on the balance between the production and the excretion. Creatinine is produced by creatine breakdown (muscle). It is influenced by the muscle mass of a person but not by dietary factors. High levels are seen in kidney diseases.
The urine contains many substances in solution and depending on the reaction of the urine, they can become insoluble and form crystals. If crystals are present in large amounts and for prolonged periods, stone formation may occur.


Online Poll