Test Profile Index | Pathlab | Health Screening | Blood Test

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Test Profile Index

Our health screening tests and packages cover a wide and comprehensive list of test profiles. Following is our Test Profile Index.

Peripheral Blood Film (PBF)
A thin smear is made of the blood, stained with special dye and examined under the microscope. The normal red blood cells are described as normochromic(normal colour) and normocytic (normal size).
The urine can be acidic or alkaline depending on our food intake and the time of the day the sample is taken. The types of crystals detected in the urine will vary with the reaction of the urine.
Phosphate is primarily involved in bone metabolism. High levels are seen in normal children with active bone growth. Patients with kidney failure or bone disease also have high phosphate levels.
Platelets are small cytoplasmic fragments of the megakaryocytes which are found in the bone marrow. They play a major role in normal blood clotting and bleeding prevention. Platelet count below 50x109/l is associated with prolonged clotting and bleeding times, bleeding into the skin and tissue is seen in patients with leukemia, ITP and dengue haemorrhagic fever.
Protein in the urine usually indicates the presence of kidney disorder and should be present in every sample. Small amount of protein may be present in concentrated urine of normal person and also after strenuous exercise.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Factor (R.A. Factor)
Rheumatoid arthritis is a severe form of joint disease affecting mainly the joints of the hands and feet. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis have high levels of R.A.Factor and this may precede the onset of joint symptoms. A small group of patients however have normal levels.
SGOT / AST (aspartate aminotransferase)
This enzyme is present in cells of many organs like liver, heart, skeletal muscle and blood cells. High blood levels are associated with cell destruction in the organs like acute myocardial infarction (heart attack) and hepatitis.
SGPT / ALT (alanine aminotransferase)
This enzyme is present in high concentration in liver cells. High blood levels indicate destruction of liver cells and their release into the bloodstream.
This hormone is produced by the thyroid gland and regulates the metabolic processes of the body. High levels are seen in the disease hyperthyroidism. Symptoms include weight loss, tremor of hands, anxiety and increased sweating. Hypothyroidism (low levels) is due to reduced production by the gland and results in slowing down of metabolism with mental dullness, physical slowness and weight gain. The gland can be enlarged due to cysts or cancer and the level of free T4 may or may not be affected.
This type of fat is also found in fat tissue of the body and is a major source of energy for the body. Excess calories are converted to triglycerides and stored as fat tissue. Very high blood levels are associated with coronary risk.


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